The Wells & Drew Printing Dictionary – E



the U.s. Environmental Protection Agency, which publishes guidelines for minimum recycled product content for use by federal agencies for purchasing standards. Many state and local governments and businesses have voluntarily adopted these. The EPA is charged with most of the environmental responsibility for guidance, direction, monitoring and enforcement in the United States.
Edge bleed:
coloration at edge of sheets traceable to pressure generated by the cutting block and knife blade in the cutting operation. Also, bleed occuring in spirit carbon paper which has been supercoated for cleanliness when the stock is trimmed or slit.
Egyptian type:
originally, from 1815 on, bold face with heavy slabs or square serifs.
Electronic color scanner:
a high speed computer, which can instantly calculate the necessary color correction by measuring the original copy.
an image transfer system used in copiers to produce images using electrostatic forces. Electrofax uses zinc oxide coated paper. Xerography uses a selenium surface.
Electronic image assembly:
assembly of a composite image from portions of other images and/or other page elements using a computer.
Electronic printing:
refers to digital printing .Meaning it does not use any traditional ink,chemistry or water.
Electrostatic copying:
process using an intermediary plate or drum (like Xerography) or coated take-off sheet (like Electrofax™) which is electrically charged to attract powder or liquid developer only to the image area.
duplicating type and engravings by electrolysis.
process that stamps a design in the paper using a metal die to raise the surface of the stock.
Elliptical dot:
in halftone photography, elongated dots, which give improved gradation of tones particularly in middle tomes and vignettes – also called chain dots.
in composition, a unit of measurement exactly as wide and high as the point sizes being set. Named because the letter “M” in early fonts was usually cast on a square body.
Em space:
a space as wide as the point size of the types. This measurement is relative; in 12-point type an em space is 12 points wide, but in 24-point type an em space is 24 points wide.
End Caps:
symbols, such as an arrowhead or bullet, used to cap the end of a line of text.
End sheet:
end SheetSheet that attaches the inside pages of a case bound book to its cover. Also called pastedown or end papers.
English finish:
smooth finish on uncoated book paper; smoother than eggshell, rougher than smooth.
En space:
a space half as wide as the type is high (half an em space)
Envelope formats:
the industry has standardized to simply the process of specifying envelopes.
Embossed finish:
a finish imparted to a web of paper through an embossing machine. The paper will take on a raised or depressed surface resembling wood, cloth, leather, or other pattern.
Emulsification, ink:
1) Can be caused by the fountain solution emulsifying the ink. To correct, cut back on the amount of dampening and reset the dampeners. 2) Can be caused by the ink being too soft. To correct, use an ink with more body. Consult with your ink manufacturer to have the ink reformulated.
in composition, one-half the width of an em.
referring to a paper that is coated,glossy shiny paper.
Encapsulated postscript (EPS):
in digital prepress, a file format used to transfer graphic images within compatible applications. A file containing structured PostScript code, comments and a screen display image.
End-leaf paper:
strong, fine quality paper, either plain or coated and sometimes colored or marbled, used for binding a book’s contents to its cover.
English finish:
a finish between machine finished and supercalendered. Low gloss, uncoated finish of paper adapted to type and 100-line halftone screen.
ink is applied to the paper under extreme pressure resulting in a printed surface being raised. The result is a distinct image,with sharp,crisp lines.This is the most elegant and widely used among professional organizations that must have a high impact image.
Envelope lining paper :
a decorative tissue used  to line the  matching envelopes used to line matching envelopes of fine stationery papers..
Envelope, expansion
: a special envelope produced with gussets enabling it to expand and accommodate bulky mail.
Envelopes, flap extended
: envelopes with the seal flap not folded down
Equivalent paper:
paper that is not the brand specified, but looks, prints and may cost the same. . Also called comparable stock.
characteristic of paper that assures for a clean erasure. Achieved by excessive pulp refining resulting in firmly bonded fibers and a hard surface.
Estimate price:
that states what a job will probably cost. Also called bid, quotation and tender.
the individual performing or creating the “estimate.”
to use chemicals to carve an image into metal, glass or film.
Exception dictionary:
in word processing or desktop publishing this is a store of pre-hyphenated words that do not conform to the usual rules contained in the hyphenation and justification program (H & J).Some programs, PageMaker for example, only use an exception dictionary.
Expansion envelope
: a special envelope produced with gussets enabling it to expand and accommodate bulky mail.
exporting allows the user to save the file in another format to be opened in other programs.
Expanded (font):
a font in which the set widths of the characters are wider than in the standard typeface. (Note: not the intercharacter space — that is accomplished through letterspacing — but the characters themselves).
Extended type:
typefaces that are wide horizontally — Hellenic, Latin Wide, Egyptian Expanded, Microgramma Extended, etc.

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